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Spasons-Finite Strings

The Space Quantum Theory carries these ideas one step further and concludes there is no such thing as mass with out space. It is space that is responsible for the existence of mass. It is the contraction of space composed of spacetrons that comprises mass. One might say mass is the finite string of space relative to infinite space. The creation of mass occurs in the center of the sun's galaxy, as it does in all galaxies, due to the dynamic expansion of the spacetronic field that surrounds the nucleus. Galaxies are mass generators. Two infinite superstrings of spacetrons meet at a specific place, that is, two superstrings directed inwardly from opposite directions toward one point in space, their finite meeting causing the contraction of a string of compressed spacetrons to appear, which contrast with the rest of space in a state of expansion that surounds the unit; this is what I mean by the finite string unit of space relative to infinite space. Three of these compressed string units combine to form what is called a spasonic field of motion, or simply a spason. The length of each of the three spason strings is of the order of the Planck length - 10^-35, and are known a neutrino. Each unit has a limited number of spacetrons in a state of contraction, that after having reached their state of being fully contracted, further expansion pressure results in the unit transferring its potential energy to kinetic energy in the surrounding spacetronic field by commencing to vibrate and rotate. The rotation is accomplished by the string bending on both ends, in a counterclockwise direction, causing a serpentine string to appear which transfers its string energy sideways to the adjacent units by means of kinetic pressure causing them to contract, then expand, then contract, ad infinitum. They transfer this kinetic energy to other adjacent spacetrons whereby the two energy strings sashays around in a spherical manner about a third string causing a gyroscopic energy field to appear, by contrast, in the expanding spacetronic field. Once having been created, the unit is maintained by the rest of the surrounding spacetronic field by the dynamic pressure of the field's state of expansion, a somewhat closed system of spacetronic motion. It is assumed that three of these units combine to form the quark and three quarks combine to form the hadrons, that is, neutrons and protons.

The existence of these finite strings of energy, the spasonic global field, is maintained by the shear expansion pressure set up by the dynamic time factor of the opposite infinite superstrings of standing vibrating spacetrons which facilitates the motion by means of the dynamic expansion impetus factor. The non-linear dynamic interplay between the spasonic strings and the surrounding spacetronic field creates the electron-magnetic flux that exists around all atoms and facilitates in their uniting to form various atoms and then molecules. See Fig 11. The proposition that one and only one particular type of string unit is capable of existing as a natural phenomenon, which is called a spason, gives credence to the idea that all mass is a build up of identical string units, particles that make neutrons, that spawn atoms of hydrogen, from which all other atoms are the multiples of the proton-electron pairs. It is assumed that the galactic nucleus only spawned the electromagnetic waves to begin with, which emanated from the spason strings in the beginning of universal time. Gradually as these various pockets of energy grew and inter-communicated with one another; the spasons formed quarks that in turn formed neutrons and proton-electron pairs, the hydrogen atom. The spason gyrates for the simple reason that after having reached its full potential, contractual response, meaning their potential energy build up, any further pressure is developed as kinetic energy. The gyration stabilizes the unit. Three units unite to form a larger mass called a quark, a vortex of vibrating units of space. Three quarks unite forming neutrons, a field of neutral spacetronic motion. They are simply quantized vibrating fields of spacetronic energy. The spacetron itself does not move from place to place, it is the compressed vibrations, or the energy of motion that travels through the spacetronic field and presents a force of existence toward any other such unit. This force of existence is neutral as long as it is confined to a strongly compressed spacetronic field, such as within the nucleus of an atom, conversely, it does present a physical force of being, as a confined compressional unit of spacetronic energy.

The neutron can split to form a proton, a positive charged field of slightly less energy. It is a more compressed field that again exhibits the vortex affect of the quark. It spawns an electron, which unit is called a negative charged field, an expanding-contracting spasonic like field that surrounds the proton. This happens when the neutron is expelled from the nucleus of the Galactic center. This also happens to the neutron upon leaving the nucleus of an atom, in about 15 minutes. The spacetronic field does not support the neutron as a single unit, therefore, the unit decays. The energy of the motion the unit had as a neutron is not lost in any sense of the word; rather, it is spread out over a large spacetronic area creating what is called an electron, a negative charged field of the remaining energy, meaning an outward push of spacetronic motion against the expanding field that holds the unit in tact. The electron forms an electromagnetic rotation of the excess energy around the proton, neutralizing the proton relative to the expanding field, and other such units. The interplay between the electron and the surrounding spacetrons, sets up a magnetic flux. There is a very slight loss of the neutron's residual energy that moves off in a unit called a neutrino. A unit formed from the neutron by decay is the hydrogen atom. Hydrogen atoms combine to form Helium. These atoms, created around the nucleus of the galaxy, pour out of that center in huge clouds that are force to combine to form stars by the shear pressure of the spacetronic field which is in a state of expansion. The pressure becomes so great that the hydrogen atoms are forced to combine to form helium, giving off heat and light, and a star is born. All atoms are composed of neutrons, protons and electrons. Atoms form molecules. Molecules are the building blocks of nature. Out side of the spason, each of the other units in turn have their own individual size, which is maintained by the spacetronic field collectively and as a whole. They associate and respond to each other through the transfer of energy by means of the spacetronic field, setting up electromagnetic particles that are transferred between one another. In this manner they reflect their existence to one another through the spacetronic motion of the field between them for mutual benefit and or domination. The whole conglomerate of matter is an exercise of organized spacetronic vibratory motion. One should realize that mass units are simply organized compressed spacetronic fields of vibrating spacetrons, potential energy, and are not solid objects like rocks, trees, houses, chairs, and people, that the eyes sees and the mind imagines to be solid objects. See Fig 10 & 11

GRAVITATIONAL ACCELERATION

It is easy to image space with out mass, but it is next to impossible, if not impossible, to imagine mass without space, unless one says that all space is mass, what ever that would mean. One can say that gravitational acceleration is independent of mass since mass is totally dependent on the field that generates gravity, namely, the spacetronic field. It must be said that because mass is created and held together by the spacetronic field, then the gravitational field, meaning the spacetronic expansion force, must conform to mass. This is what Einstein means when he says that the space around mass must necessarily be non-Euclidean. This non-Euclidean space around mass can be seen in the microscopic polystyrene spheres made aboard a space shuttle in 1982. They are beaded perfectly as was a drop of water in an experiment on a Soviet space station. These beads are now used in many industries to calibrate instruments, they are perfectly spherically fabricated, since they were created in a spacetronic field with a perfect non-Euclidean environment. It might be further added, the field around mass is a quantized spacetronic field according to the organized mass it contains, regardless of whether it be a neutron, atom, molecule, planet, star, the whole galaxy, groups of galaxies, or the universe as a whole.

While quantum mechanics, a mathematical system, dictates the uncertainty principle when dealing with mass structure below the atomic level, general relativity theory, a different mathematical system, predicts a certainty principle with mass structure above the molecular levels. Einstein sought to find a unifying mathematical theory that would make the quantum theory as predictable as relativity, but without success. The electromagnetic theory that exists between these two theories is another mathematical system called the Lorentz-Maxwell electrodynamics system which is both a certainty and uncertainty principled theory depending upon what is measured. Einstein incorporated this theory into special relativity.

Einstein's theory of gravity is not a force that acts between objects as with Newton's theory of gravity, on the contrary, he viewed gravity as a property of space itself, which includes the fourth dimension of time. His time dimension lacked the energy to move space, as he pictured it to be. He said matter warps or curves spacetime causing the gravitational effect. To Einstein gravity did not exist without mass. In a perfectly uniform universe, one containing no matter, there would exist only time and a vast sheet of space representing the possibility of gravity. One must remember that Einstein devised his theory of gravity before it was known that space was in a state of expansion. Even so, his theory depicts space as a three dimensional structure of space developing in time. In fact, Einstein didn't like the idea of an expanding universe his equations were predicting. He inserted a factor called the cosmological term to account for the know movement of celestial objects, which term he claimed, to Gamow, was one of the biggest mistakes of his life, since it was later found that space is in a state of expansion. Mook 190

QUANTIZED SPACE -- THE VEHICLE OF REALITY

Shortly before his death Einstein reached what appeared to him to be the solution toward which he had been striving since he formulated his theory. In his own words, he said; "Space has devoured ether and time; it seems to be on the point of swallowing up also the field and corpuscles, so that it alone remains as the vehicle of reality." Toward the end of his life Einstein thought of space as being the extension of mass and energy. Why he never saw the ultimate theory and declare that space was quantized, in view of the fact that he saw space as the vehicle of reality, is difficult to understand. While it requires the use of mathematics before the true essence of the quantum theory and relativity can be fully grasped, mathematics alone can not detect the Space Quantum Theory, it requires the imaging power of man's mind to correctly interpret the redshift as understood by the SQT. This is because the center of galaxies may be experimentally determine to be taking in mass as well as ejecting it out of its center. The Space Quantum Theory is the theory that ties quantum mechanics, electrodynamics and general relativity together in as much as it declares that mass is a compressed vibrating spacetronic field whose spatial determinations at the very basic level of mass actuality are locally undeterminable, nonetheless, the fields are discernible using quantum mechanics statistically, in the first instance. Secondly, it declares that an expanding spacetronic field curves around mass, pressing inwardly predictably as the theory of general relativity dictates. Mass is continually subjected to the pressures of space expansion, the expansion of the spacetronic field as time proceeds. It effects the mass of the galaxy; the very atoms which comprise its body. Realizing that mass is an electromagnetic field of spacetronic motion, that must physically transfer its energy through the spacetronic field by the means of the pressure of its motion, one is able to devise experiments that proves this idea to be a factual representation of the events by means of quantum mechanics.

The Space Quantum Theory further declares the spacetronic field vibrates at C squared in three directions at any one time. Since the spacetron is expanding in all directions at the same time, each individual spacetron must be viewed as a standing wave vibration of space itself, a standing wave energy field, with a wavelength in any one direction of 2 X 10^-42 meters. The expanding field produces an impetus force that impinges upon mass from every direction and physically maintains mass as an integral unit of energy that creates the world. Matter being a specifically trapped wave field of compressed spacetronic motion composed of atoms that form molecules. The reason that nothing can move faster than the speed of light, meaning mass or energy, is simply because the spacetronic field cannot support energy moving faster than light. Though the field vibrates at a rate of speed of C squared, it is only capable of moving energy at the speed of light in any one direction. This is simply because the standing wave vibration, meaning the elasticity of the spacetronic field, only accelerates at the speed of ligh, in any one directiont; thus, the top speed in the universe is C, even though the field vibrates at C squared. It should also be remembered that energy moves in two different modes, first electric, meaning the compression of space, second magnetic, meaning the expansion of the spacetronic field. Mass exercises no physical power of its own. It seeks the lowest energy level possible that it had when it was spawned by the neutron. The electromagnetic interplay between atoms causes each unit to mutually share in the electromagnetic energies in its area. Upon absorbing these energies the electron is forced into a higher orb, according to the quantized energy it receives. When an atom gives up energy, it does so when an electron drops into a lower energy level. The energy leaving the atom is a field of compressed spacetrons that immediately begins to expand, impinging upon the spacetronic field of standing wave vibrations, causing that field to contract a particular quantity, and in a particular direction according to the amount of energy (pressure) given up by the atom. Immediately, this newly created contracted field of pressure, in turn, begins to expand, creating another contracted field, ad infinitum, with the velocity of C. This quantized energy unit is called a photon. See Fig 19 & 20

Fig 19

One is able to detect these spacetronic waves as light, with respect to electrons and heat with respect to atoms and molecules. Larger wavelengths are created in the spacetronic field by oscillating electrons moving up and down a radio antenna, etc. Very short gamma waves are created as spasons oscillate in decaying nuclei, which decay is caused by the weakening of the universal spacetronic expanding field by creating the impetus energy that holds mass and energy together, denoting the advance of time in the galactic field. One first detects units of mass as particles, then atoms and then as molecules. Molecules form together as a gas, as their vibrations become more compressed they become a liquid. When they reach the most compressed state they appear as crystals; the particles of an element assume regular spacetronic distances from each other and more en masse. Through lowering temperature and increasing the pressure upon atoms, in the process of condensing them more than their natural state of being, it is possible to reduce all atoms to the crystal state of being. Even hydrogen atoms are capable of crystallizing given enough pressure. The spacetronic gravitational acceleration plays a very important integral part of all these actions.

Fig 20

GALAXIES - THE MASS GENERATORS

Space Quantum Theory further develops these ideas claiming mass is being created at the center of all galaxies. The galaxy exist in a light globe which light is expanding with the speed of light, in the first instance, and contracting at the speed of light, in the second instance, by contrast, within the galaxy it is in a more contracted state and the closer to the galactic center the greater the contacting force of the spacetronic field. In the central area of the galactic nucleus spasons are created which assemble into quarks that form neutrons. These neutrons whirl around the center in vast quantities. Some decay into positive and negative ions that generate electromagnetic waves that pass out into the spacetronic field in huge quantities that radio astronomers are able to detect. Others are ejected to create hydrogen, helium and other atoms that pour out of the central area to form clouds which coalesce to form the stars.

There is a quid pro quo between the spacetrons that are contracting relative to those that are expanding, the exchange of energy for space and space for energy, regardless, the Universal Adiabatic System of galactic fields is not a perfect exchange system, some energy leaks off creating the 2,7 K background noise. Even so, this is an advavtageas far as cosmologist are concerned for it gives them an indication of the age of the universe by the red shift in the light from other galaxies. When this redshift is properly interpreted it will yield a great deal more information. It is difficult for cosmologist to know the reality of the space units, other then their minute actions, since the material world is not composed of spacetrons per se, rather, it is the result of the actions of universal space in spacetronic expansion, creating a finite contraction of spacetronic motion called spasons that forms mass, and consequently the world.

It is needful to learn how to directly utilize this spacetronic energy. Regardless, it is the expansion action alone that organizes spacetronic motion into the energy called mass units; spasons, quarks, leptons, proton-electron pairs, creating the world. This organizational action begins at a point in space, the mass unit, and extends outwardly in all directions with diminishing affect. It seems there should be some way to tap into this spacetronic energy field other then by the electromagnetic force. Perhaps, by creating a revolving magnetic field. Its effects can be seen in the super- conductivity of mass when mass is brought to a very low temperature. It seems that the electric force must be primitive in comparison to the vast energy of the spacetronic field storehouse.

Each unit of space is in a constant state of random standing vibration with the speed of light squared. Mass arises when this minute action becomes centralized and in a compressed state of inward-outward action organized en masse and this happens in the center of the galaxy. Once having been organized in the manner explained above this energy is ejected from the nucleus of the galaxy. This energy, this transitory motion, exhibited in different spacetrons from where it was created, is held together by the combined action of all the spacetrons. In other words, this created organized motion travels as a field of energy, in tact, through the spacetronic field that is in a constant state of being expanded. Those spacetrons that hold this motion at this instant, necessarily pass this motion on to other units, according to the laws of electromagnetic field of action. The whole galaxy moves as one unit through space.

MASS ENERGY

Spacetronic action keeps mass (potential) energy together and forever in a state of excitement. This combined action is called the gravitational force, in one instance, and the electromagnetic in another. This action extends inwardly with the speed of light. If any of the absorbed energy is not needed it is immediately expelled with the speed of light. In this manner mass is stabilized with the expanding field. The escape velocity of energy from the atom is the speed of light. Consequently, expelled energy exists in a free fall toward infinity. This spacetronic action continues in atoms creating the strong force that holds the nucleus together. It should be understood from these concepts that mass, in reality, is a congestion of motion, at a specific point in space, at a specific time. The statistical independence of the particle or the wave appears depending on the conditional probability distribution of motion as being more congested or less congested as the case may be; more congested statistically the particle is present, less congested the wave is present. Since conglomerate mass is composed of many orientations of statistically independent motions, at a specific point in space, at a specific time, as determined be quantum mechanics, the world appears as a stable unit of phenomena, wherein man can have his life, and discover the laws that govern such actions. Quantum electrodynamics deal with these ideas mathematically using letters such as h and j which stand for rest mass and change of charge. Adding up units express by little arrows in order to determine the measured mass m and the measured charge e according to the mass and amplitude of the units and their coupling actions with photons as told in the book on QED listed in the bibliography.

THE PHENOMENA OF NATURE

The object in this discourse is to try and provoke in the mind of the reader notions that can lead to the discovery of other consequential effects of this system, but one must first contrast it with what was once thought about phenomena and what is presently known of phenomena.

Newton thought of matter as consisting of material points, the motions of which constitute physical happenings. He pictured light as a steam of particles that Einstein called photons. In his "Otics" he proposed that besides these photons there were guide waves, however, he thought them to be faster then the photons, which on striking a particular reflecting surface, caused it to have fits of easy and difficult transmitions. These guide waves he held responcible for the superpositional phonomena confronting his, that is, the slitting of a polarized beam of photonss when stricking a second polarizer. Newton used "Island cystals and spar" as polarizers. As Einstien used ghost waves in a unified theory, and de Broglie and Bobm used pilot waves associated with photons, Newton used them in his particle theory. Onlyh his particles were bathed in faster-than-light tachyons whirling around in the ether. Space and time he perceived as a frame, the place where things occurred and in which matter had its being as an inertial system. In this case physical reality was thought of as being independent of the subject experiencing it; and what is more, of space and time. Gravity reached out across time and empty space to grasp hold of objects, drawing them toward one another, according to their ponderable mass. Newton reasoned, if one imagines the universe with no other bodies beside the earth, there must still be something to which the earth's motion can be referred, that something according to him had to be space. To Newton space had physical existence, but its only characteristic was of being at rest. This idea suggested the attributes of the Supreme Being that scientist now rebelled against.

Mach's Principle

Ernst Mach was a scientist with a mission to unify scientific thought. He challenged Newton's ideas with the Newtonian principle that no superfluous assumptions ought to be made. The assumptions he considered to be superfluous was the idea of centrifugal force, and the persistence of objects in a straight line, like the Foucault's pendulum. Mach claimed everything can be explained by the law of universal gravitation. The force that caused the centrifugal force of the earth, and held Foucault's pendulum to its plane of vibration so that the earth turned underneath it, accordingly, betraying its rotation; this force was nothing less than the attraction of all the bodies in the universe; the stars and remote galaxies: in other words, the total gravitation of the universe. Mach argued, one must regard the rotation of the earth relative to the totality of matter in the universe. Mach claimed, Galileo's inertia, Newton's "persistence of objects in a straight line", and the inexplicable centrifugal force, all could be dropped. All these fundamental concepts of physics could be explained as effects of a single universal force --- gravitation. Ernst Mach reduced all motion in the universe to the single principle of universal gravitational attraction, it is known as "Mach's Principle". It made a profound impression on Einstein in his pursuit of the unified theory of the universe. The departure from this point of view came about in the first quarter of the nineteenth century with the development of the field concept of light. It will be recalled, that Newton regarded light as consisting of particles of mass. Many experiments with light was proving that light also must be regarded as a wave-field to account for interference and motion, that astonishingly resembled the mechanical vibration field in an elastic solid body. It was required, therefore, to regard light as a field of vibration in space away from ponderable mass. Not being aware of space having innate properties of its own (existing in units capable of expansion and contraction) physicists invented an ether which was suppose to facilitate in the execution of light waves similar to water waves and mechanical waves in mass. As more and more experience and experiments were perform, gradually, it became apparent that something was wrong with the ether theory. The mechanical concepts of material points performing such actions as interference, gave way to the electromagnetic processes in terms of energy fields that Faraday and Maxwell proposed.

The complete overthrow of the mechanical concept of the ether theory came about after the Michelson-Morley experiments proved that light moves in all directions with the same specific speed, regardless of the motion of the source, once the frequency of emission took place. However, these emissions, then, had to take upon themselves the whole affect of moving energy in a devised four-dimensional continuum that was, according to Einstein, objectively unresolvable; meaning there was no ether filling space propagating light energy, space was simply space, nothing more. Under this new concept, not only was ether objectively unresolvable, but the emitted electromagnetic field became an irreducible element of physical description, the same as Newton's material points of matter. Clearly new ideas and concepts were needed if physicists were to get a better understanding of the real world.

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